Filing Cabinet\


The Catcher in the Rye (26 chapters, 214 pages)

Chapter 1
1. What does Holden mean when he says that his brother D.B. is out in Hollywood "being a prostitute"?
2. Where is Holden as the story begins?
3. Where and what is Pencey Prep?
4. How did Holden let the fencing team down?
5. Why was Holden being kicked out of Pencey Prep?
6. What kind of health does Holden appear to be in?
7. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“I was trying to feel some kind of a good-bye.”

Chapter 2
1. Who is Mr. Spencer and why does Holden visit him?
2. Describe Mr. Spencer. What does he look like and how does he act?
3. What did Spencer do that particularly annoyed Holden?
4. What does Holden give us as the reason for "leaving" Elkton Hills?
5. What did Mr Spencer make Holden read?
6. What does Grippe mean in Catcher in the Rye?
7. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“Oh, well it’s a long story sir.”

Chapter 3
1. What does Holden mean, "I'm quite illiterate, but I read a lot"? Give examples of what he reads.
2. Who is Ackley? Describe him and his habits.
3. What does Ackley do that annoys Holden?
4. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“Ackley barged in on me.”
5. Who is Stradlater and what is his relationship with Holden like?

Chapter 4
1. Who is Stradlater? Why does Holden refer to him as a "secret slob"? What does he look like?
2. What point does Holden try to make about people when he talks about Stradlater and the "commas" and Ackley's description of the basketball player?
3. Why did it make Holden nervous that Stradlater was going out with Jane Gallagher?
4. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “Stradlater was more of a secret slob.”

Chapter 5
1. Who is Allie, and why is his baseball mitt so special to Holden?
2. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“I broke all the windows in the garage.”
3. Why did Holden's parents want to have him psychoanalyzed?

Chapter 6
1. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “What’d you do? Give her the time?”
2. What do Holden and Stradlater fight over?
3. Holden says that he is a "pacifist". What is that, and is he?
4. What troubling piece of information does Holden share about his fight with Stradlater? Could this be foreshadowing? If so, of what?

Chapter 7
1. Why does Holden suddenly decide to visit Ackley's room?
2. What does Holden reveal about Stradlater when they were on a double date in Ed Bankey's car? Does this change your view of Holden? Does this change your view of Stradlater? Explain.
2. Where does Holden then decide to go?
3. What is his final good-bye to Pencey Prep?
4. Why do you think Holden was crying as he left?
5. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “I felt so lonesome.”

Chapter 8
1. What does Holden mean when he says, "Mothers are all slightly insane"?
2. Who does Holden introduce himself as to Mrs. Morrow? Who is the real person whose name he uses?
3. What are some of the lies Holden tells Mrs. Morrow? Do you think he's as sorry for them as he stated?
4. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “I liked old Morrow’s mother.”
5. Return to some of the earlier chapters to see what Holden talks about when he has his hunting hat on. How is it different frommwhenn his hunting hat is off?

Chapter 9
1. Holden calls other people phony. In what way is he one?
2. What question does Holden ask the cab driver?
3. What is one thing Holden sees outside of the hotel window?
4. What rule did Holden make for himself? (pg. 63)
5. Who is Faith Cavendish?
6. How do you think she earns her money?
7. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “Sex is something I just don’t understand.”

Chapter 10
1. Who is Phoebe, and what is Holden's opinion of her?
2. What evidence is there that shows us that Holden probably doesn't look as old as he says he looks?
3. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “They had this night club, the Lavender Room.”
4. How does Holden know that the three girls at the next table are not from New York City?
5. What does Bernice say that betrays how shallow she is?
6. How does Holden describe the experience of dancing with Marty?

Chapter 13
1. Why does Holden walk back to the hotel rather than take a cab?
2. Previously Holden stated he was a "pacifist". Does his description of how he would deal with the "glove thief" support this, or is he just "yellow"?
3. What kind of a drinker does Holden think he is?
4. How does Holden feel when he arrives back at the hotel?
5. What excuse does Holden give for agreeing to meet with the prostitute?
6. How does Holden feel when the prostitute takes off her dress?
7. When does Holden begin to feel sorry for Sunny?
8. What excuse does Holden give Sunny for not wanting to have sex with her?

Chapter 14
1. Does Holden have any guilt feelings about Allie? Do you feel this is abnormal in any way, or normal?
2. How does Holden say that Jesus chose his disciples?
3. What made Holden cry? Explain.
4. What evidence shows us that Holden might have made a good actor?
5. What excuse does Holden give for not committing suicide by jumping out the window?

Chapter 15
1. Who does Holden think about calling when he wakes up? Why does he call and what do they talk about?
2. What is the point that Holden tries to make about people when he elaborates about the suitcases of the nuns and of his former roommate?
3. How does Holden treat the nuns?
4. Why does Holden think it spoils a conversation if someone asks what religion he is?
5. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:“I gave old Sally Hayes a buzz.”
6. Holden says that he did something stupid and embarrassing when the two nuns got up to leave. What was it?

Chapter 18
1. What is Holden's opinion of the Christmas show at Radio City?
2. Why did Holden think the woman who cried through the movie was a phony?
4. Who is Carl? How does Holden know him?
3. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“I had quite a bit of time to kill.”
4. Describe DB’s behavior after he returned home from the war.

Chapter 19
1.Why does Holden not like the bartender at the Wicker Bar?
2. Why did Holden get mad at Luce for calling his (Luce's) old girlfriend the "Whore of New Hampshire"?
3. Who was Luce to Holden? How does Holden know him? What do they talk about?
4. What advice did Luce give to Holden?

Chapter 20
1. How does Holden "act" again in this chapter?
2. What happens to Holden at the Wicker Bar?
3. What happens to Phoebe's record?
4. Where does Holden go right after he leaves the bar?
5. Who does Holden call in this chapter? How does it turn out?
6. What does Holden not want to happen to him after he dies? Why?
7. What information does Holden finally tell us about Allie's funeral?
8. What is an atheist?
9. What does Holden say about Allie that contradicts all his other statements about being an atheist?
10. After he leaves the park, where does Holden go?
11. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote:
“Why don’t you go home, Mac?”

Chapter 21
1. What does Holden find so intriguing about Phoebe's note- book?
2. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “I got off at our floor—limping like a bastard.”

Chapter 22
1. Why did it depress Holden when an "old guy" told him that his days at Pencey were the happiest days of his life?
2. What does it tell us about Holden when Phoebe states, "You don't like anything that's happening"?
3. Why does Holden think about James Castle when Phoebe asks him to name one thing that he likes a lot? Why does he deny really knowing James? What does it tell us about Holden when he says, "Just because somebody's dead, you don't just stop liking them, for God's sake---especially if they were a thousand times nicer than the people you know that’re alive and all"?
4. What does Holden tell Phoebe he'd like to be?
5. Identify the speaker and context/meaning of the following quote: “She was ostracizing the hell out of me.”

The Crucible
The Crucible Act 1
1. Why was Abigail asked to leave the Proctor’s home?
2. What are Abigail’s feelings for John Proctor?
3. What are Abigail’s feelings for Elizabeth Proctor?
4. Why do the Putnam’s start talking about witchcraft? What do they and others mention as signs of witchcraft?
5. How is Proctor described as he first enters the stage? (Be sure to include his view of himself.)
6. Why does Mr. Putnam oppose Reverend Parris? Despite his opposition to Parris, why does he take his side when Parris mentions calling Reverend Hale?
7. What does Proctor have against Reverend Parris?
8. What does Proctor mean when he says, “Society will not be a bag to swing around your head, Mr. Putnam.”?
9. Discuss the significance of Rebecca Nurse’s line: “There is prodigious danger in the seeking of loose spirits. I fear it, I fear it. Let us rather blame ourselves…” (Consider characterization and theme.)
10. Discuss the importance of this dialogue between Parris and Proctor:
Parris: There is either obedience or the church will burn like Hell is burning.
Proctor: Can you speak one minute without we land in hell again? I am sick of Hell.
Parris: It is not for you to say what is good for you to hear!
Proctor: I may speak my heart, I think!
Parris: What, are we Quakers…?
11. How is Hale described when he comes to Salem? (Specifically deal with his attitude and view of self.)
12. Why is the story about Hale not indicting the woman in Beverly for being a witch important?
13. Why does Reverend Hale believe Abigail over Tituba?
14. How is Tituba led into confessing and naming people?
15. By the end of Act 1, the girls dancing in the woods (and dabbling in other things they should not have been doing) turns into people being charged with witchcraft. Who, in your opinion, is most responsible? Whom do you blame for the hysteria that occurs, and why do you blame him/her/them?

Lord of the Flies (12 chapters, 202 pages)
Ch. 1 pg. 7
1. Early int his chapter Piggy asks,“aren’t there any grown-ups at all?” and Ralph says, “No grown-ups!” How do the two boys respond to being on the island?
2. In what other ways do Ralph and Piggy seem very different from each other? How do they relate to each other at first?
3. Why do you think Piggy tells Ralph about his asthma’ with a touch of pride’?
4. What do we learn about the lives of Piggy and Ralph before they arrived on the island?
5. Who finds the conch shell and whose idea is it to use it to call a meeting?
6. What are your first impressions of Jack Merridew? How do the other characters respond to him?
7. How does Jack treat Piggy and how do the other boys react tot his?
8. Describe how Ralph gets to be ‘chief’. What is Jack’s response to this and how is he made to feel better?
9. Describe Jack and Ralph’s relationship at this point in the story.
10. What is the significance of the boys’ encounter with the pig at the end of the chapter?

Ch. 2 pg. 32
1. What rule concerning the conch is made?
2. What does Piggy attempt to call the group’s attention to?
3. How does the talk of the “beasties” affect the boys?
4. At this time, Ralph says the boys appear to have two goals. What are they?
5. How does the group react to Ralph’s suggestion that they build a fire? How does Piggy describe their actions?
6. How does Piggy treat a small boy? What does that tell us about Piggy?
7. How do they manage to start the fire?
8. What responsibilities has Jack taken on for the choir?
9. What goes wrong? Do you see any symbolism here? What is going on in the adult word at the time?
10. Who is missing?

Ch. 3 pg. 48
1. 1. What is Jack preoccupied with?
2. What complaints does Ralph have? What has he noticed about people?
3. How are the littluns?
4. Explain the love-hate relationship between Jack and Ralph.
5. Where had Simon gone and what does he do there?
6. What might Simon represent?

Ch. 4 pg. 58
1. 1. What strange things happen at mid-day?
2. How did the littluns spend their day?
3. In what ways does Roger seem cruel?
4. What is Henry doing while Roger watches him?
5. What does it mean when Roger felt the “taboo of the old life”? Also, what does it mean when Jack approached Roger “a darker shadow crept beneath…; [Roger’s} skin”? What effect is Jack having on Roger?
6. Describe the transformation that takes place after Jack paints his face. The mask serves a few purposes. List them.
7. What does Ralph discover that upsets him greatly?
8. What do the hunters chant?
9. How does Jack’s attack on Piggy and the breaking of one of the lenses in his spectacles symbolize the degeneration of the group?
10. Who finds Piggy’s glasses for him?

Ch. 5 pg. 76
1. What is Ralph realizing is necessary in order to be a leader?
2. What rules have been ignored? List at least three.
3. What does it mean when Ralph refers to the littluns as “taken short”? What does that mean? What does this show about their behavior?
4. What rules does Ralph make regarding fires?
5. A littlun says he sees something moving in the jungle at night. Who/what is it?
6. How does Jack explain the beast away?
7. Why are rules important to Ralph? The answer is something Ralph says.
8. What does Simon mean when he says, “What I mean is … maybe it’s only us…”? What do you think” mankind’s essential illness”is?
9. Why doesn’t Ralph blow the conch when the meeting dissolves into chaos?
10. At the end of the chapter what does Ralph wish for?

Ch. 6 pg. 95
1. Ironically, what Ralph wished for at the end of chapter five does come true. What happens? Why is the answer to his wish depressingly ironic?
2. What do Samneric (Sam and Eric) claim they have seen on the mountain top? How do they describe it?
3. What does Jack say about the conch?
4. How has the significance of the conch changed?
5. When Simon thought of the beast, what picture came to his mind?
6. Why won’t Simon try anymore to talk in front of the others?
7. As the boys are searching the island, who leads the group when they get to the ledge?
8. What strange thing does Ralph notice as the boys are playing around the rolling rocks?
9. What discovery do they make at the ledge that excites Jack?

Ch. 7 pg. 109
1. 1. What has Ralph come to accept as normal?
2. What does Ralph daydream about as he notices this?
3. Why are Ralph’s fingernails bitten? What is Ralph insinuating when he says “be sucking my thumb next?”
4. How do the two different sides of the island affect his hopes for rescue?
5. What prediction does Simon make to Ralph?
6. Notice the complete reversal of mood as Ralph hunts. What happens to Ralph as he participates in his first hunt?
7. Describe what you would show if you were filming the scene where the boys reenact the hunt. How do you think Robert feels during this ritual?
8. Why does Simon go off alone?
9. What do Ralph, Roger, and jack find at the top of the hill? Do they realize what it is? Do you think the story would be better if the reader didn’t know what it is?

Ch. 8 pg. 124
1. Explain the exchange of power at the beginning of chapter eight.
2. Where does Jack go to live on the island?
3. What does Simon suggest?
4. How does Piggy change?
5. How does Roger show he has become the most sadistic/evil boy on the island? Think of the sow.
6. Why do the boys plan on raiding Ralph’s camp?
7. What happens when Simon goes back into the woods?
8. What do you think he actually sees and talks to?
9. Who does Simon think tells him, “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill! I’m part of you.”?

Ch. 9 (pg. 145)
1. Why was Simon having a hard time walking?
2. What did Simon do at the top of the hill?
3. Why did Piggy and Ralph go to Castle Rock?
4. Describe how the “hunters” treat Jack and how he treats them.
5. What was Simon trying to tell the boys when he returned?
6. What did the boys do to Simon? Why? What happened to his body on the beach?

Ch. 10 pg. 155
1. Ralph sums up who the fearful beast is. “I’m frightened. Of us. I want to go home. Oh God, I want to go home.” Why is Ralph afraid?
2. Why do you think Piggy, Ralph, and Samneric deny being at the “dance”?
3. What does Jack say was disguised as Simon that the boys killed?
4. Why does Jack deny the beast is dead?
5. What does Jack set up a lever for?
6. Why do Ralph, Piggy, Samneric let the fire go out? What does this mean?
7. Why does Jack steal Piggy’s spectacles?

Ch. 11 pg. 169
1. Why does Ralph think “dressing like they were” would assist them in dealing with Jack?
2. How does the contrast of the paint and smoke symbolize the two forces that are motivating the boys?
3. How does Golding subtly begin to portray Jack’s group as heathen/evil?
4. Why were the boys so scared of the war paint?
5. Why didn’t Ralph want to tie his hair back initially?
6. Describe what happened when Ralph and Jack confront each other about Piggy’s glasses. 7. What happened to Piggy and the conch? Who sent the boulder down the hill?
8. What happens to Samneric?
9. What happens to Ralph?

Ch. 12 pg. 183
1. What does it mean when Ralph says of Bill, “whose image refused to blend with that ancient picture of a boy in shorts and shirt? Explain why the author Golding writes this.
2. Why is it ironic at this point in the story that the boys were being evacuated from their homes in the first place before the story began?
3. What information does Ralph get from Samneric?
4. What does it mean when Roger “sharpened a stick at both ends”?
5. Explain Ralph’s actions when he faces the Lord of the Flies.
6. How does Ralph avoid being killed? What are his strategies?
7. What are his opposition’s (Jack’s) strategies for getting him out of the thicket?
8. Who arrives at the end of the novel?
9. Give one quote from the ending – something that will stick with you as being memorable. Give a page reference and explain why you chose that quote.

Romeo and Juliet

1. What is the function of the Prologue?
2. Who reads the Prologue?
3. Where is the play set?
4. What are the names of the two feuding families?
5. Why are the families fighting?
Scene 1
1. How does the scene begin?
2. Who causes the fight? Who tries to stop it? Who keeps it going?
3. What are the main differences between Benvolio and Tybalt?
4. When Capulet and Montague want to fight, who restrains them?
5. Who breaks up the fight in the square? a. What kind of mood is he in? What warning does he give?
6. How many times has the fight disrupted the city?
7. Why are Romeo’s parents worried about him?
8. Why is Romeo sad?
9. Who tries to help Romeo? What advice is given to Romeo?
Scene 2
1. How old is Juliet?
2. When does Capulet say Juliet will be ready for marriage?
3. Who wants to marry Juliet?
4. Give three reasons why Capulet hesitates to give his permission?
5. Why does Capulet’s servant approach Romeo and Benvolio?
6. Where does the servant invite them?
7. Why does Romeo want to go to the party?
8. Why does Benvolio want Romeo to go to the party?
Scene 3
1. Describe the Nurse’s relationship with Juliet.
2. Why is the Nurse impressed with Paris?
3. Why does Lady Capulet encourage the arrangement between Juliet and Paris? 3. What does Juliet promise her mother?
4. Would you encourage this arrangement? Why or why not?
Scene 4
1. How will Romeo and his friends escape detection at the party?
2. In Mercuito’s dream, Queen Mab does what?
3. What does Romeo dream?
Scene 5
1. How does Capulet treat his guests?
2. What does Romeo think of Juliet at first? To what does he compare her?
3. Who notices Romeo? How? Who does he tell?
4. Why does Capulet let Romeo stay at the party?
5. At the party, Romeo and Juliet join hands. What metaphor does Romeo use to compare their joined hands?
6. How many times do Romeo and Juliet kiss at the ball?
7. Who interrupts them?
8. What does Romeo find out from the Nurse after Juliet goes to see her mother?

Act II
Scene 1
1. What does Romeo do in order to avoid his friends?
2. What do Benvolio and Mercuito think Romeo is doing?
Scene 2
1. What does Romeo compare Juliet to?
2. What is Juliet’s enemy?
3. Why doesn’t Romeo reveal himself?
4. Why doesn’t Juliet want Romeo to swear by the moon?
|5. About what else is Juliet concerned?
6. What do they plan for the next day?
Scene 3
1. Who does Romeo visit to ask for help? What is he doing when Romeo visits?
2. What does Friar Laurence say about the earth?
3. What are some of the powers of herbs? How does Friar Laurence compare man to herbs?
4. What does Romeo ask Friar Laurence to do?
5. What is his initial reaction to Romeo’s request? Why does Friar Laurence change his mind?
Scene 4
1. What two things did Benvolio discover at Montague’s home?
2. What does Mercutio say about Tybalt?
3. How does Mercutio talk with the Nurse?
4. What does Romeo tell the Nurse?
Scene 5
1. What is Juliet’s state of mind as she waits for the Nurse?
2. What is humorous about the scene when the Nurse returns?
Scene 6
1. What is Romeo willing to risk in order to marry Juliet?
2. What warning does Friar Laurence give Romeo?

Scene 1

1. What does Benvolio think the hot weather will cause?
2. How does Mercutio treat Tybalt when he appears?
3. Why does Romeo refuse to fight Tybalt?
4. What happens when Romeo tries to stop Mercutio from fighting?
5. How does Mercutio feel about Romeo then? How does Romeo feel?
6. What is the result of Romeo’s fight with Tybalt?
7. What does Benvolio suggest Romeo should do? Why?
8. Who demands that Romeo be put to death?
9. What is the Prince’s decision? Why do you think the Prince made this decision?
Scene 2
1. What is Juliet doing at the beginning of this scene?
2. How does Juliet first interpret the Nurse’s news that “he’s dead”?
3. What does Juliet say about Romeo after the Nurse tells her that Romeo killed Tybalt?
4. How does Juliet react when the Nurse criticizes Romeo?
5. What upsets Juliet worse than the death of Tybalt?
6. Where is Romeo hiding?
7. What does Juliet ask the Nurse to do?
Scene 3
1. What does Romeo think of the Prince’s decision of banishment, not death?
2. What does Romeo attempt and why?
3. Who stops him? What does he say about Romeo’s desire to die?
4. What is Friar Laurence’s plan?
Scene 4
1. What decision does Lord Capulet make regarding Juliet and Paris?
2. Why has Capulet changed his mind from what he said earlier?
Scene 5
1. What bird does Juliet dread hearing and why?
2. What does Romeo think about the bird and the light?
3. Why does Juliet change her mind?
4. What does Juliet ask Romeo?
5. What does Juliet envision?
6. Why does Lady Capulet think Juliet is crying? What is Lady Capulet’s plan for revenge?
7. How does Juliet react to the news of the marriage plans?
8. How does Lord Capulet react to Juliet’s disobedience?
9. What is the Nurse’s advice? What is Juliet’s reply?
10. What does Juliet really think of the Nurse’s advice?
11. What does Juliet plan to do?
Scene 1

1. What explanation does Paris give Friar Laurence for the rushed marriage?
2. What will Juliet do if the Friar cannot help her?
3. According to Friar Laurence’s plan, what should Juliet do first?
4. On Wednesday night, Juliet should do what?
5. What will the potion do?
6. How long will it last?
7. How will Juliet’s bridegroom and family react?
8. How will Romeo know of the plan?
9. What will Romeo do?
10. Do you think the plan is flawless? Why or why not?
Scene 2
1. How does Juliet explain her obedience to her parents?
2. What happens that ruins the timing of the Friar’s plan?
Scene 3
1. How does Juliet get rid of the Nurse?
2. What four things does Juliet fear?
4 Scene 4
1. What kinds of preparations are being made?
2. Who’s in charge of making them?
Scene 5
1. How do Juliet’s Nurse and parents react to her “death”?
2. How does Lord Capulet describe Juliet’s death?
3. How does Friar Laurence try to comfort them?
Scene 1

1. Where is this scene set?
2. What did Romeo dream?
3. What does Romeo’s servant, Balthasar, tell him?
4. What does Balthasar suggest to Romeo?
5. What is Romeo looking for? Why?
6. Why does Romeo have trouble getting the poison?
7. How much does Romeo offer for the poison?
8. Why does the apothecary sell Romeo the poison?
9. Where does Romeo decide to go?
Scene 2
1. Who did Friar Laurence send to Mantua to inform Romeo of Juliet’s plan?
2. What kept Friar John from seeing Romeo?
3. What must Friar Laurence do now?
Scene 3
1. Why is Paris at the churchyard?
2. What does Romeo tell Balthasar to do? What does Balthasar actually do?
3. To what does Romeo compare the tomb?
4. What does Paris think of Romeo?
5. What happens when Paris confronts Romeo?
6. Who is slain? Who is the slayer? What does he do with the dead body?
7. What does Friar Laurence ask Juliet to do?
8. What does Juliet do?
9. After the watchman arrives, who comes to the tomb?
10. What has happened to Lady Montague?
11. Who tells the truth about Romeo and Juliet?
12. Why does Prince Escalus say, “All are punished”?
13. How do Lord Capulet and Montague react to the deaths?
14. What final words sum up the play?


To Kill a Mockingbird


Chapter 1
1. What do you learn in this chapter about Maycomb, Atticus Finch and his family?
2. What do you learn about Dill's character?
3. What, briefly, has happened to Arthur “Boo” Radley?
4. Why does the Radley place fascinate Scout, Jem and Dill?
5. What do you notice about the narrative voice and viewpoint in the novel?

Chapter 2
1. Why is Scout so looking forward to starting school?
2. Why does Jem not want anything to do with Scout at school? Is his behavior typical of an older child?
3. What do you think of Miss Caroline Fisher as a teacher?
4. Whart are the three ways that Scout upsets Miss Caroline?
5. What do we learn about the Cunningham family?

Chapter 3
1. Who is Calpurnia? What is her place in the Finch household?
2. What is Walter Cunningham like? What does his behavior during lunch suggest about his home life?
3. What do you think of the way Atticus treats Walter?
4. Does Scout learn anything from Walter's visit? What do you think this is?
5. Atticus says that you never really understand a person “until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” What does this mean? Is it an easy thing for Scout to learn?
6. What do you learn in this chapter about the Ewells?

Chapter 4
1. What does Scout think of current fashions in education?
2. What superstitions do the children have in connection with the Radley house?
3. Why do the children make Boo's story into a game? What do they do in this game? Do you think the game is an accurate version of what happens in the Radleys' home?
4. What might be the cause of the laughter from inside the house?

Chapter 5
1. Describe Miss Maudie Atkinson? How typical is she of Maycomb's women? What do the children think of her?
2. What does Miss Maudie tell Scout about Boo? How does this compare with what Scout already believes?
3. Scout claims that “Dill could tell the biggest ones ” (lies) she ever heard. Why might Dill have told such lies?
4. What reasons does Atticus give for the children not to play the Boo Radley game? Do you think he is right? Why?

Chapter 6
1. Why does Scout disapprove of Jem's and Dill's plan of looking in at one of the Radleys' windows?
2. What does Mr. Nathan Radley know about the intruders in his garden? Why does Miss Stephanie refer to a “negro” over whose head Mr. Nathan has fired?
3. Why does Dill's explanation of Jem's state of dress almost land him in trouble?

Chapter 7
1. When Jem tells Scout about getting his trousers back, he tells her of something strange. What is this?
2. Can you find any evidence that Jem is beginning to understand more than Scout about Boo Radley? What do you think this is?
3. Does Jem still fear the gifts in the tree? Give reasons for your answer.
4. When the children plan to send a letter to the person who leaves the gifts, they are prevented. How does this happen? Who does it, and why might he do so?

Chapter 8
1. Why does Scout quiz Atticus about his visit to the Radley house? How much does Atticus tell her?
2. What is the “near libel” which Jem puts in the front yard? How do Miss Maudie and Atticus react to it?
3. Why does Atticus save Miss Maudie's oak rocking chair?
4. When Atticus asks Scout about the blanket around her shoulders, what does Jem realize? He realizes that he has no idea how it got there either. He then realizes that it was Boo Radley and is a little upset that he didn't get to see him, if only he had turned around.
5. Explain what Atticus means by telling Jem not to let his discovery “inspire ” him to “further glory”? Is there any reason why Jem might now do as his father says? I think Jem is finally starting to realize that Boo deserves his respect as much as anyone else and is figuring out more and more about Boo and that he actually seems like and extremely caring person.

Chapter 9
1. How well does Atticus feel he should defend Tom Robinson? Is it usual for (white) lawyers to do their best for black clients in Alabama at this time?
2. Scout and Jem have “mixed feelings” about Christmas? What are these feelings and why?
3. Uncle Jack Finch tells Scout that she is growing out of her pants. What does this mean and why might he say it?
4. When Francis talks to Scout he reveals an unpleasant feature of Aunt Alexandra. What is this?
5. Does Scout learn anything from overhearing Atticus's conversation with Uncle Jack? What might this be?
6. Read the final sentence of this chapter. Explain in your own words what it means and why it might be important in the story.

Chapter 10
1. Scout says that “Atticus was feeble”. Do you think that this is her view as she tells the story or her view when she was younger? Does she still think this after the events recorded in this chapter?
2. In this chapter Atticus tells his children that “it's a sin to kill a mockingbird”. What reason does he give for saying this?
3. Why does Heck Tate not want to shoot Tim Johnson?
4. Jem and Scout have different views about telling people at school how well Atticus can shoot. Explain this difference. Which view is closer to your own?

Chapter 11
1. How does Atticus advise Jem to react to Mrs. Dubose's taunts?
2. What does Mrs. Dubose say about the children's mother? How does Jem feel about this?
3. What request does Mrs. Dubose make of Jem? Is this a fair punishment for his “crime”?
4. Explain in your own words what Atticus thinks of insults like “nigger-lover”. How far do you agree with him?
5. Why, in Atticus's view, was Mrs. Dubose “a great lady”?
6. Atticus says that Mrs. Dubose is a model of real courage rather than “a man with a gun in his hand.” What does he mean? Do you think he is right?
7. Chapters ten and eleven are the last two chapters in the first part of the book. Explain why Harper Lee chooses to end the first part here.

Chapter 12
1. Describe Jem and Scout's visit to First Purchase church.
2. What new things does Scout learn here about how the black people live?
3. What does Scout learn from Calpurnia's account of Zeebo's education?
4. Explain why Calpurnia speaks differently in the Finch household, and among her neighbors at church.
5. Who is Lula? Describe her treatment of the children. Do you believe she was right to act the way she did? Explain.

Chapter 13
1. Why does Aunt Alexandra come to stay with Atticus and his family? What is she like?
2. Read the first two things Aunt Alexandra says when she comes to the Finch home: "Put my bag in the front bedroom, Calpurnia" and "Jean Louise, stop scratching your head." Are these typical of her or not?
3. Alexandra thinks Scout is “dull” (not clever). Why does she think this, and is she right? Are all adults good at knowing how clever young people are?
4. How does Aunt Alexandra involve herself in Maycomb's social life?
5. Comment on Aunt Alexandra's ideas about breeding and family. How does Atticus disprove the the Finch family is somehow better?

Chapter 14
1. Comment on Atticus's explanation of rape. How suitable is this as an answer to Scout.
2. Why does Alexandra think Atticus should dismiss Calpurnia? How does Atticus respond to the suggestion?
3. Why is Scout pleased when Jem fights her back? Why is she less pleased when he tells Atticus about Dill?
4. What do we learn from Dill's account of his running away?

Chapter 15
1. What is the “nightmare” that now descends upon the children?
2. What was (and is) the Ku Klux Klan? What do you think of Atticus's comment “The Ku Klux's gone. It'll never come back."
3. How does Jem react when Atticus tells him to go home, and why?
4. What persuades the lynching-party to give up their attempt on Tom's life?
5. Comment on the way Scout affects events without realizing it at the time.


Chapter 16
1. What “subtle change” does Scout notice in her father?
2. What sort of person is Dolphus Raymond?
3. How does Reverend Sykes help the children see and hear the trial? Is he right to do?
4. Comment on Judge Taylor's attitude to his job. Does he take the trial seriously or not?

Chapter 17
1. What are the main points in Heck Tate's evidence? What does Atticus show in his asking questions of a witness who has given evidence for the other side of Sheriff Tate?
2. What do we learn indirectly of the home life of the Ewell family in this chapter?
3. What do you learn from Bob Ewell's evidence?
4. Why does Atticus ask Bob Ewell to write out his name? What does the jury see when he does this?

Chapter 18
1. Is Mayella like her father or different from him? In what ways?
2. What might be the reason for Mayella's crying in the court?
3. How does Mayella react to Atticus's politeness? Is she used to people being polite?
4. How well does Mr. Gilmer prove Tom's guilt in the eyes of the reader (you) and in the eyes of the jury?

Chapter 19
1. What made Tom visit the Ewell's house in the first place?
2. Why does Scout think that Mayella Ewell was “the loneliest person in the world”?
3. In your own words explain Mayella's relationship with her father.
4. How does Dill react to this part of the trial? Why is this, in your opinion?

Chapter 20
1. Scout says that “Mr. Dolphus Raymond was an evil man”. Is she right?
2. In most states of the USA people who drink alcohol in public places are required to hide their bottle in a paper bag. Why does Dolphus Raymond hide Coca-Cola in a bag?
3. What, according to Atticus, is the thing that Mayella has done wrong? Explain, in your own words, Atticus's views on people's being equal.

Chapter 21
1. What does Jem expect the verdict to be? Does Atticus think the same?
2. What is unusual about how long it takes the jury to reach a verdict?
3. As Scout waits for the verdict, she thinks of earlier events. What are these and how do they remind us of the novel's central themes?

Chapter 22
1. Although Atticus did not want his children in court, he defends Jem's right to know what has happened. Explain, in your own words, Atticus's reasons for this. (Look at the speech beginning, “This is their home, sister”.)
2. Miss Maudie tells Jem that “things are never as bad as they seem”. What reasons does she give for this view?
3. Why does Dill say that he will be a clown when he grows up? Do you think he would keep this ambition for long?
4. This story is set in the 1930s but was published in 1960. Have attitudes to racism remained the same (in the USA and the UK) or have there been any changes (for the better or worse) since then, in your view?
5. Why does Bob Ewell feel so angry with Atticus? Do you think his threat is a real one, and how might he try to “get” Atticus?

Jem says that he thinks he's got it figured out, and there are four kinds of people: the ordinary (the Finches and their neighbors), the ones who live in the woods (the Cunninghams), the ones who live by the dump (the Ewells), and the African Americans.

Chapter 23
1. What do you think of Atticus's reaction to Bob Ewell's challenge? Should he have ignored Bob, retaliated or done something else?
2. What is “circumstantial evidence”? What has it got to do with Tom's conviction?
3. What does Atticus tell Scout about why the jury took so long to convict Tom?
4. Why does Aunt Alexandra accept that the Cunninghams may be good but are not “our kind of folks”? Do you think that people should mix only with others of the same social class? Are class-divisions good or bad for societies?
5. At the end of this chapter, Jem forms a new theory about why Boo Radley has never left his house in years. What is this? How likely is it to be true, in your opinion?
Chapter 24
1. Do you think the missionary ladies are sincere in worrying about the “Mrunas” (a tribe in Africa)? Give reasons for your answer. 2. Compare the reactions of Miss Maudie and the other ladies when Scout says she is wearing her “britches” under her dress.
3. What is your opinion of the Maycomb ladies, as depicted in this chapter?
4. Explain briefly how Tom was killed. What is Atticus's explanation for Tom's attempted escape. Do you think agree with Atticus?How, in this chapter, do we see Aunt Alexandra in a new light? How does Miss Maudie support her?

Chapter 25
1. How does Maycomb react to the news of Tom's death?
2. Comment on the idea that Tom's death was “typical”?
3. Explain the contrast Scout draws between the court where Tom was tried and “the secret courts of men's hearts”. In what way are hearts like courts?
Why did Jem not want Scout to tell Atticus about Bob Ewell's ("One down and about two more to go")? Was this a wise thing to ask her to do?

Chapter 26
1. In her lesson on Hitler, Miss Gates says that “we (American people) don't believe in persecuting anyone”. What seems odd to the reader about this claim? 2. Why is Scout puzzled by Miss Gates' disapproval of Hitler?
3. Why does Scout's question upset Jem? Is there a simple answer, or any answer, to the question (“How can you hate Hitler an’ then turn around an be ugly about folks right at home?"

Chapter 27
1. What three things does Bob Ewell do that alarm Aunt Alexandra?
2. Why, according to Atticus, does Bob Ewell bear a grudge? Which people does Ewell see as his enemies, and why?
3. What was the purpose of the Halloween pageant? What practical joke had persuaded the grown ups to have an organized event?

Chapter 28
1. Comment on the way this chapter reminds the reader of earlier events in the novel.
2. Why does Jem say that Boo Radley must not be at home? What is ironic about this? (Is it true? Does he really mean it? Why might it be important for him and Scout that Boo should not be at home?)
3. Scout decides to keep her costume on while walking home. How does this affect her understanding of what happens on the way?
4. Why had Atticus not brought a chair for the man in the corner?

Chapter 29
1. What causes the “shiny clean line” on the otherwise “dull wire” of Scout's costume?
2. What explanation does Atticus give for Bob Ewell's attack?
3. What does Heck Tate give as the reason for the attack?
4. Do you think the sheriff's explanation or Atticus's is the more likely to be true?

Chapter 30
1. Who does Atticus think caused Bob Ewell's death?
2. Why does Heck Tate insist that Bob Ewell's death was self-inflicted? In what way is this partly true?
3. Is Heck Tate right to spare Boo the publicity of an inquest? Give reasons for your answer.
4. How does the writer handle the appearance, at the end of the story, of Boo Radley?

Chapter 31
1. How do the events of the final chapters explain the first sentence in the whole novel?
2. Comment on the way the writer summarizes earlier events to show their significance.
3. How does Scout make sense of an earlier remark of Atticus's as she stands on the Radley porch?
4. How much of a surprise is it to find what Boo Radley is really like? Has the story before this point prepared the reader for this discovery?
5. At the end of the novel, Atticus reads to Scout. Comment on his choice of story. Does it have any connection with themes earlier in the novel and in its ending?

Of Mice and Men

Chapter 1
1. In what part of the country does the novel take place¿time period?
2. List words that describe Lennie.
3 .List words that describe George.
4. To what animal is Lennie compared to?
5. To what animal would you compare George to¿why?
6. Why were George and Lennie run out of weed?
7. What things Lennie do and say that make him like a child?
8. Where does George tell Lennie to hide if he gets in trouble?
1. How does Steinbeck convey Lennie animal-like qualities (#4 above)?
2. Why does Steinbeck describe the actions of Lennies hands (foreshadowing the importance)?
3. What is George attitude toward Lennie in this section¿why does he stay with Lennie?
4. Explain the connection between Lennie's mouse and what happened in weed.
5. Describe George's dream in this section.
6. What suggests that the dream of the farm is unrealistic
7. Give some examples of foreshadowing in this section.

Chapter 2
1. Who greeted George and Lennie at the bunkhouse?
2. What unusual habits did Whitey have?
3. Whom did the boss punish because George and Lennie were late? Why?
4. Why does George answer all the questions directed to Lennie?
5. How does the boss react to George's friendship with Lennie?
6. What excuse does George give for Lennie's slowness?
7. How does Curley react to Lennie's silence?
8. What does Curley think about George and Lennie's traveling together?
9. What does the swamper mean by the statement “Curley's pretty handy?"
10. What uneasy feeling does George have about Curley's wife?
1. Most of the opening paragraphs of this section consists of a realistic description of the bunkhouse.What detail suggests that the ranch-hands have a “romantic” side?
2. How does the account oh Whitey's quitting contribute the book's mood of alienation?
3. Why is the stable buck set apart from other men(not just race)?
4. Which character names from this section have symbolic importance?
5. Why is the boos suspicious of George and Lennie?
6. Who or what seems to be a source of tension in this chapter that may foreshadow future conflicts?
7. Is Candy's opinion of Curley wife justified?
8. What qualities does the description of slim suggests?
9. What is the significance of slim's and Carlson’s remarks about the dog?
10. Give examples of foreshadowing.

1. Who is Slim?
2. What kind act does Slim do for Lennie?
3. How does Slim react to Lennie and Goerge's traveling together?
4. Why do you think George told Slim about what happened in Weed?
5. From Carlson's point of view list words that describe Candy's dog.
6. What is Carlson's solution to the problem of the dog?
7. Describe how Carlson shoots Candy's dog.
8. What role does Candy play in helping George and Lennie try to buy land?
9. Why does Curley attack Lennie? What happens to Curley?
1. What does George's conversation with Slim reveal about his past treatment of and present
feelings toward Lennie?
2. Why does George trust Slim?
3. Does George's analysis of Lennie's attack on the girl in Weed seem probable?
4. Analyze Carlson's reasons for and Candy's reasons against shooting Candy's dog. How do
they touch on the central issues of the novel?
5. Why does George decline Whit's invitation to visit the brothel?
6. Relate George's description of the farm to a romantic Eden.
7. Does George's dream seem any more realistic now? Explain.
8. What comparisons does Candy make between his own condition and his dog's? How does
this relate to the idea of responsibility (mercy killing)?
9. What does Lennie's fight with Curley show the ranch hands? What does the description
of this fight suggest about the nature of violence?
10. Foreshadowing?

1. Name four of the possessions that Crooks has in his room.
2. What does Crooks say happens to a guy if he gets too lonely?
3. What does Crooks offer in return for joining George, Lennie, and Candy on the dream
4. What is Crooks’ reaction to the threats of Curley’s wife?
5. What does Curley’s wife say is her husband’s main topic of conversation?
6. At the end of this chapter, what has Candy done to make George angry?
1. What does the description of Crooks’ room reveal about its occupant?
2. Why is Crooks’ name appropriate?
3. Why does Crooks allow Lennie to enter his room?
4. How do Crooks’ words to Lennie about loneliness reinforce this theme of the novel?
5. What is Crooks’ reaction to the dream of the farm?
6. Show how Candy’s comments to Crooks and Lennie relate the dream of the land to
Steinbeck’s theme of economic exploitation.
7. How does the behavior of Curley’s wife seem deliberately designed to provoke the men?
8. What motives does Steinbeck suggest for her behavior?

1. What did Lennie do to the puppy?
2. In what ways does Lennie show that he is confused and nervous?
3. When Curley’s wife asks Lennie why he likes rabbits so much, what is his response?
4. What reason does Curley’s wife give Lennie for wanting to talk to him?
5. Where does Lennie go right after he kills Curley’s wife?
6. Whom does Candy blame for the murder?
7. Why is Candy so angry at what has happened?
1. How is Lennie’s treatment of his dead puppy typical of his character?
2. In what ways is Curley’s wife also a dreamer? Is her dream any more realistic than
George and Lennie’s?
3. How does Curley’s wife feel about him?
4. How does she entice Lennie into touching her?
5. What is the true nature of his attack?
6. How does Lennie react to what he has done? Are you surprised? Why/why not?
7. How does George’s reaction to the murder relate to his belief in the dream?
8. Compare the reactions of Curley and Slim.

Old Man and the Sea
Section 1
1. How long has the old man gone without catching a fish?
2. Why did the boy’s parents tell him he couldn’t fish with the old man anymore?
3. What does the old man look like?
4. What can you tell about the boy’s parents from his conversation with the old
5. Why does the boy care so much about the old man?
6. Although the young fishermen make fun of Santiago, he is not angry with them.
What does this reveal about him? Why do you suppose the old men don’t make
fun of him?
7. Explain the statement, “He was too simple to wonder when he had attained
humility. But he knew he had attained it and knew it was not disgraceful and it
carried no loss of true pride.”
8. What are Santiago’s living conditions like?
9. What small lie does the old man tell the boy? Why doesn’t the boy confront
Santiago and make him admit he is in dire straits?
10. The boy assures the old man that he is the greatest fisherman, but the old man
says, “I hope no fish will come along so great that he will prove us wrong.” This
is an example of what technique? What might it predict?

Section 2
1. Why do you think Santiago talks to himself?
2. Why does Santiago wish Manolin was with him?
3. The sun sets and it begins to get cold. What might happen to Santiago during the
4. Santiago says on page 46, “tried not to think but only to endure.” What does this
5. Santiago begins to pity the fish, and he remembers a sad time when he killed a
female marlin in front of her mate. What does this tell you about him?
6. What vow does Santiago make regarding the fish?
7. Why was the slight injury to the old man’s right hand important?
8. What does Santiago call the fish on page 59?

Section 3
1. On page 61, the old man says the light will make better weather for him than the
fish. What do you think he means by this?
2. Santiago was finally able to see the fish. Describe what he saw.
3. Why do you think Santiago likes to sleep and dream about the lions?
4. Could the line, “Unless the sharks come, God pity him and me,” be
foreshadowing? What would happen if the sharks came?
5. Compare the great arm wrestling match described on page 69 with the match
between Santiago and the fish. How are the two matches similar?
6. How does Santiago know the fish is getting tired?
7. What do you think Santiago means by his comment on page 75, “I’m glad we do
not have to kill the starts”?
8. Why couldn’t Santiago ever really get comfortable in the boat?
9. On page 84, why didn’t Santiago’s pain matter?
10. Summarize Santiago’s plan for harpooning the fish.
11. As Santiago dozes in the boat, he has three dreams. What are they, and what do
you think they mean to Santiago and/or symbolize in this novel?
12. Santiago often expresses pity for the fish and calls it his friend. Why then, does he
want to kill it so badly?

Section 4
1. On page 91, Santiago pleads, “Last for me, head. Last for me. You never went.”
Is this true as far as you know? Has Santiago been clear-headed throughout the
2. Notice the contrast in the sentence on page 94, “Then the fish came alive, with his
death in him.” How can someone or something coma alive as it is dying?
3. Consider the image on page 99 of Santiago side by side with the fish. What does
this represent?
4. On page 101, the author says, “He was full of resolution but he had little hope.”
What does this mean?
5. Discuss Santiago’s statement on page 103, “A man can be destroyed but not
defeated.” How can this be true?
6. Hemingway describes the shovelnose shark attacking the fish, “He came like a
pig to the trough.” What makes this simile effective?
7. On page 119, Santiago knows finally that he is beaten. Is his reaction one of
8. What is Manolin’s reaction when he finds Santiago asleep in the morning?
9. How does Manolin comfort Santiago?
10. Most critics feel that Santiago is a hero. Define “hero” and explain whether or not
you think Santiago is one.
11. “Grace under pressure” and “fighting the good fight” are themes found in most of
Hemingway’s novels and stories. Explain how these themes are treated in The Old
Man and the Sea.

The Things They Carried

Chapter 1
1. In the list of all the things the soldiers carried, what item was most surprising?
Which item did you find most evocative of the war? Which items stay with you?
2. In what sense does Jimmy love Martha? Why does he construct this elaborate, mostly fictional, relationship with her: What does he get out of it?
3. Why do the soldiers tell jokes about the war, about killing?
4. How is the idea of weight used and developed in the story? How do you, as a reader, feel reading those lists of weight? What effect does it have on you?
5. How has Jimmy changed by the end of the story? How will he be a different person from this point on? What has he learned about himself? Or to put it another way, what has he lost and what has he gained?

Chapter 2: “Love”
1. What could Jimmy Cross never forgive himself for?
2. How did Jimmy get a new picture of Martha playing volleyball?
3. What does Jimmy ask Tim to do when he writes his story?
4. What does he tell Tim NOT to mention?
5. What does it tell us about Tim O’Brien, the narrator, that he reveals character traits of Cross’s that Cross would prefer to have remain unknown?

Chapter 3: “Spin”
1. What do we learn about Azar’s character in this story?
2. How was the war NOT like a game of checkers?
3. How did the “old poppa-san” help the platoon? What was his special skill?
4. What does Norman Bowker wish for, more than anything?
5. What does Kiowa say when his rain dance doesn’t work?
6. What did Azar do to Ted Lavender’s puppy?
7. What does Azar say about his action?
8. Identify in this story moments of beauty and/or serenity.
9. How is this story structured? What can you say about all these short sections?
10. According to Tim, what are stories for?

Chapter 4: “On the Rainy River”
|1. How did Tim feel about the Vietnam War while he was at college? Do his actions and language support the idea that he “hated” the Vietnam war?
2. What were Tim’s options once he received his draft notice? Who did he hold responsible for his situation? Who did he think should go to war instead of him?
3. What does Tim say is Elroy Berdhal’s role in his life? What sort of person was Elroy? How did Tim know?
4. How do the opening sentences prepare you for the story?: “This is the one story I’ve never told before. Not to anyone.” What effect do they have on the reader?
5. Why does O’Brien relate his experience as a pig declotter? How does this information contribute to the story? Why go into such specific detail?
6. At the story’s close, O’Brien almost jumps ship to Canada, but doesn’t: “I did try. It just wasn’t possible.” What has O’Brien learned about himself, and how does he return home as a changed person?
7. In this chapter, we learn the 21-year-old O'Brien's theory of courage: “Courage, I seemed to think, comes to us in finite quantities, like an inheritance, and by being frugal and stashing it away and letting it earn interest, we steadily increase our moral capital in preparation for that day when the account must be drawn down. It was a comforting theory.” What might the 43-year-old O'Brien's theory of courage be?

Chapter 5: “Enemies”
1. Who broke whose nose?
2. What was the effect of the fight on Jensen?
3. What did Jensen finally do to resolve the conflict between them?
4. What is the irony of this chapter’s title?

Chapter 6: “Friends
1. What was the pact that Dave Jensen & Lee Strunk made together?
2. What was Lee afraid of when he saw Jensen, and what did he make him promise?
3. The phrase that inspires these two chapters is normally characterized as “friends and enemies.” Why does O’Brien (the author) reverse this traditional order when sequencing these chapters?
4. Using both chapters “Enemies” and “Friends,” explain how war distorts the normal social codes.
5. What is the irony of this chapter’s title?

Chapter 6: “Friends
1. What was the pact that Dave Jensen & Lee Strunk made together?
2. What was Lee afraid of when he saw Jensen, and what did he make him promise?
3. The phrase that inspires these two chapters is normally characterized as “friends and enemies.” Why does O’Brien (the author) reverse this traditional order when sequencing these chapters?
4. Using both chapters “Enemies” and “Friends,” explain how war distorts the normal social codes.
5. What is the irony of this chapter’s title?

Chapter 7: “How to Tell a True War Story”
1. According to O'Brien, how do you tell a true war story? What does he mean when he says that true war stories are never about war? In what sense is a “true” war story actually true? That is, in O’Brien’s terms, what is the relationship between historical truth and fictional truth?
2. Why does this story begin with the line: “This is true.” How does that prepare you, as a reader, for the story? In what sense is “this” true?
3. Find a few of O’Brien’s elements of a “true war story.” (such as, “A true war story is never moral.”) Why does O’Brien believe these elements are important to a “true” war story?
4. Why is the baby water buffalo scene more disturbing than the death of one of O’Brien’s platoon members, Curt Lemon?
5. O’Brien explains that this story was “not a war story. It was a love story.” In what sense is this a “love story”? Why?

Chapter 8: “The Dentist”
1. Characterize Curt Lemon and why he behaves the way he does. How does this affect your reading of the previous chapter?
2. How did Curt Lemon’s visit to the dentist affect him?
3. What is the purpose of placing this chapter directly after “How to Tell a True War Story”?

Chapter 9: “Sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong”
1. Characterize Rat Kiley. After reading the entirety of the story, why does this story seem particularly “true” to Rat? What meaning might he derive from it?
2. Characterize Mark Fossie and Mary Anne Bell.
3. Describe the changes in Mary Anne Bell from the time she arrived in Vietnam to be with her boyfriend until the end of the chapter. Be specific and record moments from the text (page numbers and descriptions) that demonstrate how she changed.
|4. Why do you think she changed? What did the change symbolize? How long did this metamorphosis take?
5. Look up the definition of the word metamorphosis. In what ways (note that this a plural noun) does this word apply to the transformation of Mary Anne?
6. Does it matter that Mary Anne is a woman? How so? What does the story tell us about the nature of the Vietnam War?
7. Does it matter what happened, in the end, to Mary Anne? Would this be a better story if we knew, precisely, what happened to her after she left camp? Or does this vague ending add to the story? Why?
8. “You’re in a place where you don’t belong.” Any parallels to today? How does our lack of understanding of a people and their place destroy us (as it does Fossie)? How does it make monsters of us?

Chapter 10: “Stockings”
1. Why did Henry Dobbins continue to carry his girlfriend’s stocking even after she broke up with him?
2. Consider the comparison O’Brien makes between Dobbins and America. Does O’Brien like America? Does he respect it?

Chapter 11: “Church”
1. What was Kiowa’s reaction to setting up camp in a pagoda? Why? How does this differ with Dobbin’s conception of faith/religion/spirituality?
2. What is the meaning of the washing motion of the younger monk? Is it the same when Dobbins does it?
3. The image of the monk cleaning an M-60 is incongruous and jarring. What purpose does it serve in the story?

Chapter 12: “The Man I Killed”
1. How did the narrator react to the fact that he killed another human being? What evidence in the story leads you to this conclusion?
2. This story describes fairly intimate aspects of the dead man’s life. Where do these details come from? How can Tim O’Brien know them? What is going on here?

Chapter 13: “Ambush”
1. Tim O’Brien’s daughter, Kathleen, asks if he ever killed a man: “ ‘You keep writing these war stories,’ she said, ‘so I guess you must’ve killed somebody.’ “ Following this, O’Brien relates two possible scenarios of the death described in “The Man I Killed” to explain “This is why I keep writing war stories.” In your opinion, why does O’Brien keep writing war stories?
2. Where does truth reside in this book? What is the connection between O’Brien’s actual experiences and the events in this book? Why is O’Brien using lies to get at “the truth”?

Chapter 14: “Style”
1. What symbolism lies in the woman’s dance?
2. What does Dobbins means when he says “Dance right!”?

Chapter 15: “Speaking of Courage”
1. What narrative point of view is used in “Speaking of Courage”? What problems does Norman confront when he returns home? What seems to prevent him from dealing with them successfully?
2. Why is this story called “Speaking of Courage”? Assume the title does NOT hold any irony. In what sense does this story speak of courage?
3. Like other male characters in this novel, Norman Bowker develops an active fantasy life. Why do these men develop these fantasy roles? What do they get from telling these fantasy stories to themselves? What does this tell you about O’Brien’s understanding of the way fiction relates to real life?
4. Why is Norman unable to relate to anyone at home? More importantly, why doesn’t he even try?

Chapter 16: “Notes”
1. What is the effect of “Notes,” in which O'Brien explains the story behind “Speaking Of Courage”? Does your appreciation of the story change when you learn which parts are “true” and which are the author's invention?
2. Why does O'Brien include Norman's letter in the story?
3. What does O'Brien say about storytelling in “Notes”?
4. How does Tim O'Brien not suffer the fate of Norman Bowker? (pg. 151) What does he do after the war?

Chapter 17: “In the Field”
1. Briefly summarize the plot and style of the story. Is this story more of a “true” war story than the account in the chapter “Speaking of Courage”?
2. What point of view is used to narrate “In the Field”?
3. Why is the young man not identified in the story? What is the character’s purpose in the narrative?
4. In “In The Field,” O'Brien writes, “When a man died, there had to be blame.” What does this mandate do to the men of O'Brien's company? Are they justified in thinking themselves at fault? How do they cope with their own feelings of culpability? Consider all of the following characters:
5. What, in the end, is the significance of the shit field story (or stories)?

Chapter 18: “Good Form”
1. In “Good Form,” O'Brien casts doubt on the veracity of the entire novel. Why does he do so? Does it make you more or less interested in the novel? Does it increase or decrease your understanding? What is the difference between “happening-truth” and “story-truth?”

Chapter 19: “Field Trip”
1. Why does O’Brien return to the shit field?
2. What is the point of putting Kiowa’s moccasins in the ground (burying them)?
3. Explain the significance of the final sentence. Who or what is “all finished”?

Chapter 20: “The Ghost Soldiers”
1. What does “The Ghost Soldiers” add to the book that we have almost completed? Does it provide any new insights, perspectives, or experiences about any of the characters? What do you think its function in the overall narrative might be?
2. Does your opinion of O'Brien change throughout the course of the novel? How so? How do you feel about his actions in “The Ghost Soldiers”?
3. “The Ghost Soldiers” is one of the only stories of The Things They Carried in which we don't know the ending in advance. Why might O'Brien want this story to be particularly suspenseful?
4. Explain the significance of the title of this chapter.

Chapter 21: “Night Life”
1. How did Rat Kiley get out of active duty in the Vietnam?
2. Consider the placement of this story in the novel. What is O’Brien’s purpose in including this story so late in the novel and immediately following “The Ghost Soldiers”?

Chapter 22: “The Lives of the Dead”
1. How does the opening paragraph frame the story we are about to read?
2. Why is O'Brien unable to joke around with the other soldiers? Why does the old man remind him of Linda?
3. What is the function of the Linda plot in “The Lives of the Dead”? Consider in particular what it teaches him about death, memory, storytelling.
4. What is the “moral” of the dead KIAs? Consider Mitchell Sanders' view.
5. In many ways, this book is as much about stories, or the necessity of stories, as it is about the Vietnam War. According to O’Brien, what do stories accomplish? Why does he continue to tell stories about the Vietnam War, about Linda?
6. Reread the final two pages of this book. Consider what the young Tim O’Brien learns about storytelling from his experience with Linda. How does this knowledge prepare him not only for the war, but also to become a writer? Within the parameters of this story, how would you characterize Tim O’Brien’s understanding of the purpose of fiction? How does fiction relate to life, that is, life in the journalistic or historic sense?

1. Assume for a moment, that the writer, Tim O’Brien, created a fictional main character, also called Tim O’Brien, to inhabit this novel. Why would the real Tim O’Brien do that? What would that accomplish in this novel? How would that strengthen a book about “truth”?
2. Finally, if O’Brien is trying to relate some essential details about emotional life – again as opposed to historic life – is he successful in doing that? Is he justified in tinkering with the facts to get at, what he would term, some larger, story-truth?
3. On the copyright page of the novel appears the following: “This is a work of fiction. Except for a few details regarding the author's own life, all the incidents, names, and characters are imaginary.” How does this statement affect your reading of the novel?


East of Eden


Chapter 1
1. Describe Moshe, the Beadle.
2. Why did Eliezer pray, and why did he cry when he prayed?
3. Upon his return, what story did Moshe tell?
4. Why didn’t the people believe him?
5. Cite examples of how the Jewish citizens of Sighet began to lose their rights.
6. What is a ghetto?
7. Why did the citizens resist the truth, even when it was in front of them?
8. Describe the conditions on the train (at the end of the chapter).

Chapter 2
1. Explain, “our eyes were open, but too late.” Where was the train at this point?
2. What was foreshadowed by Madame Schacter’s nightmare?
3. What did some of the passengers do to quiet Madame Schacter?
4. Where did the train finally stop?

Chapter 3
1. When questioned by the S.S. Officer, why did Elie lie about his age and occupation?
2. What was the first horrifying sight that Elie, at first, disbelieved?
3. Explain what Elie meant when he said, “Never shall I forget these flames which consumed my faith forever.”
4. How has Elie changed in a short time?
5. What was Elie’s first impression of Auschwitz after leaving Birkenau?
6. What was the “compulsory formality” at the entrance to all camps?
7. What sort of identification was used on the prisoners?
8. Why was the prisoner in charge of Elie’s block removed from this position?
9. What were the prisoner’s rations at each meal?
10. What was Bela Katz forced to do once he was chosen for his strength?

Chapter 4
1. What were the objectives of the medical examinations?
2. Why were the Jewish musicians not allowed to play music by Beethoven?
3. Describe one of Idek’s bouts of madness.
4. How did Elie initially avoid losing his gold crown
5. Whom did Elie meet years later on the Paris Metro?
6. What happened when Elie refused to give his crown to Franek? What was the end result?
7. Describe the scene with the soup cauldrons.
8. During one of the preliminary “ceremonies” for a hanging, what did Juliek whisper to Elie? What does this suggest?
9. During one hanging, Elie and the other prisoners cried. What made this hanging different from others?

Chapter 5
1. Why didn’t Elie fast on Yom Kippur?
2. What advice was Elie given to pass the selection process?
3. How did Elie’s father respond when he learned his name had been written down?
4. What did Akiba Drumer ask the others to do for him? Did they do it?
5. Why was Elie placed in the hospital?
6. Why was the camp to be evacuated? What did Elie learn of the fate of those who stayed behind in the hospital?

Chapter 6
1. What happened to anyone who could not keep up with the march?
2. How did Zalman die?
3. What horrible realization did Elie come to concerning Rabbi Eliahou and his son? How did Elie respond to this?
4. What was Juliek’s last act?
5. How did Elie help his father when the selection was made?

Chapter 7
1. How did Elie again help his father when they were on the train?
2. Describe the scene Elie witnessed between the father and son.
3. How many got out of the wagon? Where had they arrived?

Chapter 8
1. Explain how the father/son roles had been reversed in the case of Elie and his father.
2. Why was Elie’s father being beaten?
3. What did Elie think of the advice given to him by the head of the block?
4. Comment on the following: “Right next to us the high chimney of the crematory oven rose up. It no longer made any impressions on us. It scarcely attracted out attention.” What do you think about people no longer able to feel anything about the crematorium?
5. What evidence is there that Elie’s father believes he is going to die?
6. How does the doctor treat the sick prisoners?
7. How did the other prisoners treat Elie’s father?

Chapter 9
1. What happened on April 5th?
2. What was the resistance movement? What did they do?
3. What did the prisoners do when they were freed?


Part Time Indian

The Great Gatsby

Chapter 1-2
1. What do you know about Nick Carraway from the opening pages of The Great Gatsby? Why do these characteristics make Nick a suitable narrator for the story?
2. Describe the relationship Nick has with the Buchanans. What are your first impressions of the Buchanans?
3. What does Daisy mean when she wishes her child to be a “beautiful fool”? What does it reveal about Daisy’s character?
4. Characterize Jordan Baker.
5. The Buchanans suggest that Nick and Jordan become romantically involved. Is this a good match? Why/why not?
6. Describe the “Valley of Ashes.”
7. How does Myrtle react to Tom’s arrival?
8. How does George treat Tom?
9. How does Myrtle’s physical appearance mirror her inner character?
10. How does Myrtle’s behavior change as the party progresses? What does Myrtle’s behavior at the party reveal about her character?
11. Why does Nick see himself both on the inside and the outside of the apartment at the end of chapter 2?

Chapter 3
1. Pay attention to Nick's judgements. What do they reveal about his character that he does this (especially in relation to his opening comments)?
2. Describe Gatsby the first time Nick sees him.
3. What rumors have been told about Gatsby? Why does Fitzgerald reveal rumors rather than fact?
4. What does Nick think of Gatsby after meeting him?
5. How is Gatsby different from his guests?
6. Why does Nick choose to share his thoughts and feelings with Jordan?
7. Nick thinks he's one of the few honest people he knows, why? Do you think he is honest?

Chapter 3
1. Why does Jordan prefer large parties to small ones?
2. Automobiles become an important recurring motif in Gatsby. How are they worked into the first
few chapters of the novel?
3. What Does Gatsby tell Nick about himself?
4. Who is Meyer Wolfsheim? What might his association with Gatsby indicate about Gatsby’s \character?

Chapter 4
1. List all of the rumors told about Gatsby.
2. Why does Fitzgerald list all of Gatsby's party guests?
3. Why does Gatsby tell Nick about his life? Do you believe Gatsby? Does Nick?
4. What role does Meyer Wolfsheim play in the novel? Why is there so much focus on his nose and what does this tell you about Fitzgerald's politics?
5. What does Jordan's story of Daisy's marriage reveal about Daisy?
6. Why did Gatsby want Daisy to see his house?
7. Nick says, "There are only the pursued, the pursuing, the busy and the tired." What does Nick mean? How does each character in the novel fit into this schema?

Chapter 5
1. Why does Gatsby deliver so many goods and services to Nick's house?
2. Describe the effect of rain on the plot.
3. Why does Gatsby offer Nick work? How does Nick feel about this?
4. Explain the significance of the green light.
5. Why does Gatsby get so many phone calls? What does this say about him?

Chapter 6
1. What is revealed about Jay Gatsby aka “James Gatz”?
2. What was Dan Cody’s flaw? How might this relate to Gatsby? }
3. What did Dan leave Gatsby? What happened?
4. When Nick next sees Gatsby, surprisingly who is with him?
5. Gatsby invites Tom to stay for dinner. What is the reaction and response?
6. How does Nick feel at Gatsby’s party? What does Nick notice? 34
7. What does Tom accuse Gatsby of?
8. What does Gatsby realize about Daisy’s feelings towards the party?
9. The text states, “You can’t repeat the past.” Is this true?
10. Why does F. Scott Fitzgerald include this chapter about a sad and mostly underwhelming party?

Chapter 7
1. Who is Trimalchio? Why might he be referenced in the text?
2. Describe the weather at the beginning of chapter 7. What literary term might this be?
3. What does Jordan call Daisy? How would you describe their relationship?
4. What character is introduced that surprises Gatsby?
5. What does Tom insist on doing at this very moment? What is Daisy’s reaction?
6. Describe the relationship between Tom, Daisy and Gatsby? 37
7. Why is Wilson ill?
8. What does Myrtle think about Jordan?
9. What does the group do at the Plaza Hotel?
10. What does Tom antagonize Gatsby about?
11. What does Gatsby tell Tom? Is this a good idea?
12. What does Daisy say about Tom?
13. What does Daisy reveal to Tom?

Chapter 8
1. How does Nick feel about Gatsby and Daisy’s relationship?
2. How does Nick treat Jordan? Why?
3. Who does Wilson think Myrtle’s lover is?
4. What happens at the end of the chapter?
5. How did Gatsby perform in the war?
6. How does the Nick describe Daisy? Is he correct?
7. Why does Daisy choose Tom?




10. Low scores.
11. Does not complete assignments/tasks.
12. In danger of failing/ not meeting promotion standards.
13. Excessive absences and/ or tardies.
18. Exhibits disruptive and/ or inconsiderate behavior.
24. Parent conference requested. Call for appointment.
37. I’m proud of your child’s achievement.
38. I’m proud of your child’s improvement.
44. Exhibits little effort; indifferent to corrections.
46. Seldom is prepared for class.
47. Exhibits little effort to learn.
52. Exhibits discourteous behavior.
60. Exhibits a negative attitude in class.
61. Demonstrates a lack of self-control.
63. Does not follow directions and/ or instructions.
65. Seldom works in class; wastes time.
71. Recommended for intervention.

30 Points
29 - 97%
28 - 93%
27 - 90%
26 - 87%
25 - 83%
24 - 80%
23 - 77%
22 - 73%
21 - 70%
20 - 67%
19 - 63%
18 - 60%
17 - 56%
16 - 53%
14 - 47%
12 - 40%
10 - 33%